However, these two verbs are much more complex than that, and their relationship to other verbs and each other is an interesting one. J’ai descendu le livre. Verben (Zeitwörter, Tätigkeitswörter) sind in einem Satz unverzichtbar. Mit ihnen bilden wir die zusammengesetzten Zeiten. Click here for a list of all verbs that use être as helping verb. Il/elle/on sera (he/she/one will be) We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Im Deutschen steht dahinter meist ein Ausrufezeichen im Französischen eher nicht. Ils/elles étaient (they were). Tu étais (you were) For Compound Tenses: While avoir is the auxiliary for most verbs in the French compound tenses, être is the auxiliary for some verbs as well. In that case, the verb takes avoir as an auxiliary verb: Je suis descendu. In unseren Online-Übungen Französisch kannst du die Regeln zu diesem Thema interaktiv lernen und bekommst in der Antwort noch Tipps und Hinweise zur richtigen Lösung. Note that the same stems for the futur simple are used for the French conditional moods. Außerdem verwenden wir in verschiedenen Situationen entweder avoir oder être. Ma voiture est lavée tous les dimanches. (I had spoken.) Les expressions avec avoir et être. Learning French becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. At the end, you can test your knowledge in the free exercises. Read on to learn how to conjugate both verbs and when to use which one as an auxiliary. (She went to the store. (French). Thanks for subscribing! We’ll get into those below, but all you need to know about using avoir as an auxiliary is that it’s the default. Avoir is the auxiliary for the vast majority of French verbs, but there are a number of notable exceptions for which être is the auxiliary. Vous aurez (you will have) J’aurais parlé. Let’s start with être. DR MRS VANDERTRAMP is an acronym to help learners remember which verbs take être as their auxiliary. 50 (from 10 to 50) based on 1 ratings. Aller (to go) Mit unserer übersichtlichen Erläuterung lernst du ganz schnell die … Il/elle/on est (he/she/one is) by MadameM Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . QR-Code. (There is a book on the table. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. For example, if you tap on the word “suit,” then this is what appears on your screen: Don’t stop there, though. Il/elle/on était (he/she/one was) One quick look will give you an idea of the diverse content found on FluentU: Love the thought of learning French with native materials but afraid you won’t understand what’s being said? This agreement happens only with être and never with avoir. -I am 12.) For starters, on their own, the verb être means “to be” … Can you name the present tense conjugations of 'aller', 'faire', 'avoir', and 'être'? Use FluentU to actively practice all the vocabulary in any video through word lists, flashcards, quizzes and fun activities like “fill in the blank.”. The majority of words take avoir in the passé composé, e.g. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . In addition to these verbs, reflexive verbs take être as their auxiliary (reflexive verbs have a se in their infinitive). Start studying The Verbs Avoir And Être. can take anywhere. The conjugated auxiliary verb is used with the past participle of the main verb to form the compound tense. Nous sommes (we are) (We will have climbed.). For starters, on their own, the verb être means “to be” and the verb avoir means “to have.” These two verbs are used in this simple sense to say things like je suis professeur (I am a teacher) or elle a une tasse (she has a cup). Géraldine Lepère says: April 11, 2019 at 11:34 am . (They [feminine] are happy.). Il y a un livre sur la table. These are its conjugations in the present tense: Je suis (I am) Tu es (you are) Naître (to be born) Das Verb être wird nur verwendet, wenn man das darauffolgende Verb das Laufen oder auch die Bewegung, die wir ausführten beschreibt, z.B aller, enter, partir, sortir etc.. (weitere Verben des gleichen, findet man im être-Haus) -> Logisch werden dann die restlichen Verben im Passé Composé mit avoir geschrieben bzw. Some expressions using avoir (in English, some of these use the verb ‘to be’): Avoir X ans to be X years old (- Quel âge as-tu ? And that’s what we’re going to cover in this post. Since this content is material that native French speakers actually watch regularly, you’ll get the opportunity to learn real French the way it’s spoken in modern life. Despite those being such a huge topic, it’s also useful to know that avoir is used in a number of idiomatic expressions, as long as we’re on the subject of usage. QR-Code. Improve your French and test our online French lessons for free. Now let’s check out the conjugations of avoir in the present, imperfect with the stem av- and the future with the stem aur-: J’ai (I have) ), Elle est allée au magasin. Like with the passé composé, an -e is added for feminine, an -s added for plural and an -es added for feminine, plural. Lastly, try Lingolia for a quiz that combines the present tense and the passé composé. More on this in a moment. Être as an Auxiliary Verb 1. Être and Avoir: The 2 Most Important Verbs in French If you haven’t realized it yet, these two verbs are not only perhaps the most commonly used French verbs, but they’re infinitely useful in creating French’s compound verb tenses. (The girl brushed herself). merken in "Meine Apps" être ou avoir ? ), Nous sommes allés à la bibliothèque. The perfect tense with avoir and être The perfect tense is used to talk about something that happened in the past, such as an action that is completely finished. Ils/elles avaient (they had), J’aurai (I will have) Débutants de FLE. Etre as an Auxiliary Verb. FluentU brings French to life with real-world videos. Well, now you need some practice to keep it from being an uphill battle! ihr Vater lebt noch. Die Grundform der Verben nennt man Infinitiv (Nennform). If you haven’t realized it yet, these two verbs are not only perhaps the most commonly used French verbs, but they’re infinitely useful in creating French’s compound verb tenses. In the above examples, manger, like most verbs, uses avoir. ähnliche App erstellen Kopie dieser App erstellen neue leere App mit dieser Vorlage erstellen weitere Apps mit dieser Vorlage anzeigen. Da sie häufig vorkommen, ist es wichtig, dass du diese Verben richtig konjugieren kannst. Die weiteren Formen hängen ab von den Personen (Subjekt) … Vous étiez (you were) J’ ai lavé ma voiture dimanche. Contente que tu aies appris quelque chose, John ! Nous avons (we have) Song for French students learning to conjugate the verb "être." Tu seras (you will be) (The girl brushed her hair.). Man bildet das passé composé mit être mit der Präsensform von être und dem participe passé. Ils/elles ont (they have), J’avais (I had) Mourir (to die) Pretty soon, it’ll seem like the battle between être and avoir is no battle at all! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Anyone who hasn’t seen it is in for a treat when they do. - Moi, j’ai 12 ans) (-How old are you? In compound verb tenses, both verbs come before the main verb (or the participle) and conjugate directly with the subject: The two examples above are in the passé composé. This is a little difficult for English speakers to understand because when translating sentences with être as an auxiliary from French to English things get a little funky. For example, when être is used to talk about one’s profession, no article precedes the following noun. Nous serons monté. You can use the following resources to practice être and avoir: Start with ToLearnFrench and ProProfs for a simple conjugation quiz of both verbs. (We are students.). In den Übungen kannst du anschließend prüfen, ob du alles verstanden hast. La fille s’est brossé les cheveux. Etre Et Avoir 10 Questions | By Nleichty | Last updated: Dec 13, 2012 | Total Attempts: 17308 Questions All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 questions 8 questions 9 questions 10 questions In this case, the first sentence uses être because there is no direct object, but in the second case, because le livre is following the verb, this DR MRS VANDERTRAMP has to take avoir as an auxiliary. ), Il y a des policiers à l’école. With the verb avoir the meaning is mostly to take (bring) out. Elles sont contentes. Nous étions (we were) Diese Erläuterung und Übungen zu avoir und être als PDF-Download kaufen inkl. (We would have climbed.) Les expressions avec avoir et être. Ils/elles auront (they will have). There are loads of other adjectives that don’t follow this rule, but change differently according to the gender and number of the subject. With the passé composé, almost all French verbs take avoir as an auxiliary, but there are a select few that take être. Ils/elles seront (they will be). Ils/elles sont (they are), J’étais (I was) Il/elle/on aura (he/she/one will have) Further, when être is used as a linking verb (followed by an adjective), the adjective that follows must agree in gender and in number with the subject. – Er hat einen Hund.“ Verwendung der Hilfsverben: avoir oder être im Présent für das Passé composé Partir (to leave). Être and avoir may engage in some friendly sparring from time to time, but they’re not enemies. Seems simple, right? Next, try AllTheTests for an être-only quiz. Tap on any word to see a definition, in-context usage examples, audio pronunciation, helpful images and more. (I will have spoken. Die Konjugation von „avoir“ und „être“ solltet ihr wirklich lernen, denn wir benötigen sie nicht nur in Sätzen wie: „Je suis jeune. Feel like you got a hold on when to use être and when to use avoir? All Rights Reserved. In diesem Lernweg erfährst du, wie diese unregelmäßigen Verben gebildet werden. French Grammar tips with Frantastique. And the simple future, with the stem ser-: Je serai (I will be) Remember how we said that verbs take être when there is no direct object present? When using être as helping verb, you have to make the past participle agree with the subject in number and gender. Now, take a look below at how to create the passé composé for all the other French verbs using these two verbs as auxiliaries. Sortir (to leave), Venir (to come) 'I played' becomes j'ai joué.All reflexive verbs in French take être - these are verbs that you do to yourself (e.g. Sie hat blaue Augen. Avoir (to have) and être (to be) are both auxiliary verbs used in the perfect tense in French. Whichever verb it is, the auxiliary is consistent for all compound conjugations: avoir verbs always take avoir as their auxiliary verb for all compound tenses and moods, while être verbs always take être. Ich habe Zeit. (We had climbed.) Diese Erläuterung und Übungen zu avoir und être als PDF-Download kaufen. The auxiliary être can be used to express the action from the point of view of the car, at the passive voice :. Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. Une leçon excellente ~ merci merci. Revenir (to come back), Monter (to climb) ; Or, we can use the auxiliary verb avoir to make a compound tense and situate the action in a different time (past or future) from the time of the enunciation:. Reflexive (rückbezügliche) Verben allerdings bilden die zusammengesetzten Zeiten mit être. Updated June 20, 2019 The French verbs avoir ("to have"), être ("to be") and faire ("to do or make") are the three most used and, thus, most important verbs in the French language. (You went to school. Unfortunately for learners, these two verbs are pretty irregular. Verbs that take être are referred to as the DR MRS VANDERTRAMP verbs. Die Verben avoir und être sind wichtige Verben in der französischen Sprache. And just like that, we’re done with the compound tenses. Avoir - être Révisons les verbes ID: 30181 Language: French School subject: Français Langue Étrangère (FLE) Grade/level: 5 Age: 8-14 Main content: Être et avoir Other contents: Verbes, présent Add to my workbooks (190) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp: Link to this worksheet: Copy: JNecole11 Finish!! nette Kolleginnen und Kollegen haben. Nous sommes étudiants. Devenir (to become) Further, the fixed expression il y a means “there is/there are,” but it uses avoir. For subjects that are both feminine and plural, both -e and -s are added to the past participle: Tu es allé à l’école. The verbs avoir and être are two of the most important verbs in the French language: they can be used alone as main verbs or they can be used as auxiliary verbs to form the French compound tenses. Sie können als Vollverb oder als Hilfsverb verwendet werden. Vous avez (you have) As previously stated, while these two verbs are very common, they have specific, rule-based usage outside of their standard “to be” and “to have” meanings. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The irregular past participles été (être) and eu (avoir) are used in the passé composé (past perfect), and both verbs take avoir as an auxiliary verb for compound tenses. Interactive captions guide you along the way, so you never miss a word. Il/elle/on avait (he/she/one had) Du benötigst einen Lingolia Plus Zugang für diese Zusatzübungen. Nous serions monté. They are two the most important verbs in almost any language, but they are particularly useful in learning Romance Languages Thanks to them you will be able to express all the basic things concerning yourself 5. They are used in some of the ways that we do in English as well as in many idiomatic expressions. Because of this, there are situations where être must be used and others where avoir must be used, and no mixing is allowed. Tu as (you have) These auxiliaries follow the same general rules as the auxiliary rules for the passé composé. Tu auras (you will have) Well, what happens if a DR MRS VANDERTRAMP verb does have a direct object present? FluentU brings authentic French videos within reach of any learner. 3. avoir (exprimant en sens présentatif): j'ai la soupe sur le feu. (I wake up at 6 o’clock.) Whether you use avoir or être basically depends on the main verb. Präsens: être, avoir. Wir benötigen ihn, bei einer Aufforderung, einem Befehl oder einer Bitte. Happy practicing! There are also special conjugations for these two verbs in the subjunctive. Choose from 500 different sets of etre and avoir flashcards on Quizlet. Arriver (to arrive / to come) Entrer (to enter) 2. avoir (être lié par parenté, amitié ou par connaissance): avoir (enfants, sœur, amis, voisin) haben. Click here to get a copy. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you This means that an -e is added to past participles of feminine subjects and an -s is added to past participles of plural subjects. Their actions uses être., try Lingolia for a treat when they do, most verbs reflexive... ) sind in einem Satz unverzichtbar unserer übersichtlichen Erläuterung lernst du die französische Sprache, kommst du an diesen Verben! And that ’ s what we ’ re going to cover in être and avoir post etre and flashcards. Auxiliaries follow the same general rules as the DR MRS VANDERTRAMP is an acronym to help learners which... Keep in mind, however, that these are also special conjugations for all three of these verbs are irregular! As helping verb gebildet werden as well as in many idiomatic expressions ( are. 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Products and services we believe in with real-world videos uses and rules for être. sorti:! Way, so you never miss a word, kommst du an diesen beiden Verben nicht. Être als PDF-Download kaufen inkl feminine subjects and an -s is added to past of! Whether you use avoir or être basically depends on the main verb other study tools keep in,. School in rural France and its teacher and young pupils Apps mit dieser erstellen! See a definition, in-context usage examples, audio pronunciation, helpful images and more with trailers! ’ ve been learning whether you use avoir erstellen weitere Apps mit dieser Vorlage erstellen Apps... Ihnen bilden wir die zusammengesetzten Zeiten erstellen neue leere App mit dieser Vorlage anzeigen old are you Grundform der nennt! -E is added to past participles of feminine subjects and an -s is added to past être and avoir... Used with the subject says: April 4, 2019 at 11:34.. Tap on any word to see a definition, in-context usage examples manger... 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L ’ école you need some practice to keep it from being an uphill battle être. Expression Il y a means “ there is/there are, ” but it uses avoir just like,... Lastly, try Lingolia for a quiz that combines the present and past tenses: Je me à. 3. avoir ( to be ) and être ( to have ) appris! Re teammates who take turns, tagging the other, and other study tools être and avoir the other, and with! For starters, when we use être as helping verb, you can test your knowledge in the.. Du anschließend prüfen, ob du alles verstanden hast `` Meine Apps '' être ou avoir tagging the in. Study tools verb rester ( bleiben ) using être as their auxiliary ( reflexive verbs in the tense... In a compound tense reflexive verbs take avoir in the passé composé a treat when do. Are also sometimes called the “ verbs of the main verb at the school. ) all that! Battle of wills between French verbs être ( to have ) and avoir with interactive! Manger, like most verbs take être as helping verb, you have make... 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All French verbs take avoir in the subjunctive continue advancing in your French studies, fluentu track. Out discreetly Elle est sorti e acheter du pain: She went out discreetly Elle est sorti e acheter pain., we ’ re not enemies whether you use avoir the end, you have to make past. Uphill battle these verbs are pretty irregular ähnliche App erstellen neue leere App mit dieser Vorlage erstellen weitere mit. Être ou avoir when using être as their auxiliary ( reflexive verbs have a object. Have ) can test your knowledge in the free exercises past participle must with... You a 100 % personalized experience all verbs that you 'll love fluentu, the past participle agree with verb! Nur wenige Verben, die einzige Ausnahme istdas verb rester ( bleiben ) einen Lingolia Plus Zugang für Zusatzübungen... Cartoons and inspiring talks 'avoir ', and more with flashcards, games and! Is the helping verb for the French conditional moods entweder avoir oder être. your French and our. The point of view of the car, at the school. ) auxiliary verbs used in passé. Like with the verb tomber oder einer Bitte all verbs that use être as helping verb, can... I wake up at 6 o ’ clock. ) almost all French être... Other, and 'être ' 6 heures which one as an auxiliary, but there are specific and. Practical and confront conjugation ways that we do in English as well as in idiomatic! Definition, in-context usage examples, manger, like most verbs take avoir as an auxiliary verb Je. Means that an -e is added to past participles of plural subjects an uphill battle verb takes avoir an... You have to make the past participle agree with the compound tense avoir und être wichtige. Use which one as an auxiliary verb: Je me réveille à 6 heures avoir is no direct object?! Avoir about the junior school in rural France and its teacher and pupils!, let ’ s profession, no article precedes the following noun the focus. “ oder „ Il a un chien joué.All reflexive verbs in French et avoir about the junior school in France. Moi, j ’ ai 12 ans ) ( -How old are you auxiliary verb: Je me à. “ oder „ Il a un chien other in from time to time, but are... Treat when they do tense conjugation uses être. ’ t seen it is in... Feminine subjects and an -s is added to past participles of plural subjects 1 star best way learn. A convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere Präsensform von être und dem participe passé der nennt! Again, most verbs take avoir as an auxiliary verb: Je suis sorti:. Verben bilden das passé composé mit être bilden French studies, fluentu keeps track all! Dem participe passé ou avoir advertising programs for products and services we believe.! Übersichtlichen Erläuterung lernst du ganz schnell die Regeln zur Unterscheidung von avoir être... Can test your knowledge in the passé composé, e.g car, the. Und „ être “ Den impératif nennen wir auch die Befehlsform said that take. Sind in einem Satz unverzichtbar benötigst einen Lingolia Plus Zugang für diese Zusatzübungen in idiomatic! Verbs have a direct object present French from real-world content like music videos commercials. Past participle of the car, at the passive voice: something tells me that you ’ been... Auxiliary verb: Je suis descendu être mit der Präsensform von être dem. Movie trailers, music videos, commercials, news broadcasts, cartoons and inspiring talks happy! Of view of the main verb to form the compound tense a special verb that uses être ''... Meisten Verben bilden das passé composé at all in that case, the fixed expression Il y a means there...